The thyroid gland sucks the iodine from your food and converts them into thyroid hormones namely triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones regulate your body temperature, metabolism, and heart rate.
The problem arises in two circumstances:
1. Oversecretion of thyroid hormone – Hyperthyroidism
2. Less secretion of thyroid hormone – Hypothyroidism
A recent study conducted by SRL Diagnostics states that 32% of Indians suffer from a thyroid disorder. Of this, 2 in 3 people suffer from Hypothyroidism. What’s more fearful is that women are 5 to 8 times more likely than men to have thyroid disorders, especially right after pregnancy and menopause.
While a common symptom is swelling (enlarged thyroid gland), some other symptoms include:
- Heat intolerance
- Excessive hunger
- Mood swings
- Panic attacks
- Fast heart rate
- Muscle weakness
- Dry Skin
- Hair loss
- Sexual dysfunction
Here are 11 home remedies for Thyroid in 2021
Home Remedies for Hyperthyroidism Thyroid
#1. Consume Low-Iodine Foods
More Iodine-rich diet means more secretion of the thyroid hormone which causes hyperthyroidism. Hence you have to control the excess flow of thyroid hormone; by restricting the iodine in your food. Thereby there won’t be any excess iodine in your body to convert into thyroid hormone.
You have to consume low- iodine foods such as
- Non-iodized salt
- Egg whites
- Fresh fruits
- Unsalted nuts
You must avoid iodine-rich foods like
- Iodised salt
- Egg yolks
- Seafood: Fish, prawns, crabs, lobster, kelp
#2. Lemon Balm for Thyroid
Lemon Balm comprises phenolic acids and flavonoids that reduce the Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), thereby normalizing a hyperactive thyroid. Lemon also blocks the antibodies that activate the excessive thyroid secretion which causes hyperthyroidism.
How to use
- Add as a flavor to soups and sauces
- Toss a few fresh leaves to a salad or mixed fresh fruits
Home Remedies for Hypothyroidism Thyroid
#3. Consume Iodine Rich Foods
Your body doesn’t produce iodine on its own. So the only source of iodine is via food. And if iodine is absent, then there won’t be any input for your thyroid gland to produce the thyroid hormone, which in turn will lead to hypothyroidism.
To counter this problem, you must include iodine-rich foods in your diet such as:
- Iodised salt
- Seafood – shrimp, tuna.
#4. Virgin Coconut Oil for Thyroid
One common problem found in people suffering from hypothyroidism is a slow metabolism. The thyroid hormones regulate your metabolism by breaking down food and converting it into energy. Hence fewer thyroid hormones lead to slow metabolism, causing your body to feel fatigued and without energy.
The fatty acids present in the coconut oils help the fat in your body to convert to energy which in turn boosts metabolism.
Besides this, Virgin coconut oil also contains capric acid, which is known for its anti-microbial and anti-viral properties. This diminishes any form of threat to the thyroid gland and nourishes it.
How to use
- Replace extra virgin olive oil with virgin coconut oil for cooking
- Sprinkle a bit of virgin coconut oil on salad
#5. Turmeric as Home Remedy for Thyroid
Turmeric is known for anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric helps in balancing thyroid hormones by reducing inflammation in the body.
If you have hypothyroidism, then you may have inflammation in your body. The symptoms are swelling neck, numbness, reduced heart rate and depression.
Turmeric is also known for its high anti-oxidant properties which counteract the deterioration of the thyroid hormone.
How to use
- Consume turmeric in the form of turmeric tea
- Consume turmeric mixed in milk before sleep
#6. Ginger as Home Remedy for Thyroid
Ginger is a rich source of potassium, magnesium and polyphenols like gingerol. All these compounds are known for their anti-inflammatory properties, which helps stabilize a steady secretion of thyroid hormone. Thus ginger has a positive impact on the thyroid gland and helps to improve thyroid functioning.
How to use
- You can consume ginger in the form of Ginger Tea
- Cut ginger into slices and add to a smoothie or other foods
#7. Ashwagandha as Home Remedy for Thyroid
Ashwagandha is an adaptogen (a natural herb considered to help the body adapt to stress), that helps your body adapt to the changes created by the thyroid hormone. Ashwagandha helps balance hormone excesses or deficits by boosting the movement of hormones and the efficiency of the parts where hormones bind with cells.
Besides this, ashwagandha also helps to strengthen your immunity, reduces stress and enhance your stamina, all of which are the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
How to use
- Mix Ashwagandha in milk
#8. Vitamins for Thyriod Patient
Hypothyroidism is also caused due to the deficiency of essential vitamins like vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) and vitamin B12 in your body.
Deficiency of vitamin B2 suppresses the thyroid function and body fails to secrete the thyroid hormone.
Vitamin B12 is an antioxidant in nature and can detoxify and counteract the harmful effects on thyroid through neutralization. Hence to increase thyroid hormone, food with vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) and vitamin B12 are necessary.
Vitamin B2 and B12 rich foods
- Salmon, Tuna
#9. Zinc as Home Remedy for Thyroid
Thyroxine (T4) is the ‘storage form’ of the active thyroid hormone while triiodothyronine (T3) is the ‘energy form’ of the active thyroid hormone. For your body to use the storage form hormone (T4), it must be first converted to active hormone T3 (energy), thus giving strength to every cell of your body.
Zinc helps in the conversion of T4 to T3. Hence, zinc is a vital nutrient to prevent problems with thyroid-hormone conversion.
- Red Meat
- Nuts- Peanuts, cashews
- Dairy products- Milk, Cheese
Yoga asanas are also an effective natural remedy for thyroid disorders. While yoga may not cure the condition instantly but can help you in keeping your thyroid glands healthy, thereby preventing complications.
Here are some of the most common yoga asanas that you can try:
- Viparita Karani (Inverted Pose): Viparita Karani helps to increase the blood flow to your thyroid gland. Thus, controls the thyroid functions. You can watch this video and try yourself.
- Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand): Sarvangasana helps to exert pressure on your thyroid gland. Which releases the blood flow into the neck, towards the thyroid gland, thereby help the thyroid gland to receive an abundant supply of blood. Hence nourishes the thyroid gland and prevents hypothyroidism. You can watch the video and try yourself:
Stress impacts your thyroid hormone and slows down your body’s metabolism. Also, with stress, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) hormone levels fall drastically. The fall affects the conversion of the T4 hormone to T3 hormone, leading to hypothyroidism.
You can reduce stress and improve thyroid health by making small and simple changes in your daily life.
What to do
- Sound Sleep – at least 8 hours every night
- Adopt a hobby of your interest
These home remedies are safe without any side effects. However, if you are on any other medication, kindly visit a doctor first.